Adderall is a prescription medication commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This medication can be highly beneficial for individuals with ADHD, as it helps improve focus and attention and reduce impulsive behaviors. It’s a first-choice treatment option for doctors and is considered safe when used as directed.
However, the misuse or abuse of Adderall is a growing concern. Adderall abuse is on the rise for young adults between the ages of 18 and 25, and experts say it should be treated with the same scrutiny as painkillers. Let’s learn more about Adderall abuse, its signs and symptoms and how it compares to methamphetamine.
Defining Adderall Abuse
Adderall abuse refers to the non-medical use or misuse of this prescription medication. It involves taking Adderall without a valid prescription, taking higher doses than prescribed, using it for non-medical purposes or combining it with other substances.
Adderall contains amphetamine salts, which stimulate the central nervous system and affect neurotransmitters in the brain. When you take high doses of Adderall on a regular basis, it stimulates the production of dopamine, a feel-good chemical that activates the brain’s reward center.
As with other drugs, the body can build a tolerance to Adderall and need more of the drug to produce the same effects. When this happens, you may begin to seek out more drugs to create the desired effects, setting you on the path to addiction.
Signs and Symptoms of Adderall Abuse
Identifying the signs and symptoms of Adderall abuse is crucial in order to intervene and provide appropriate support. Some common indicators include:
- Increased energy and alertness
- Intense focus and productivity
- Weight loss
- Insomnia and sleep disturbances
- Mood swings and irritability
- Nervousness and anxiety
- Doctor shopping
Risks and Consequences of Adderall Abuse
Adderall abuse can have several short-term and long-term risks and consequences:
- Adverse physical effects. Misusing Adderall can lead to various physical health issues, such as increased heart rate, high blood pressure, cardiovascular problems and even the potential for stroke.
- Psychological effects. Prolonged Adderall abuse may result in psychological disturbances, including anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations and even psychotic episodes.
- Doctor shopping. Since Adderall requires a valid prescription, some individuals will ‘doctor shop’ in order to keep up their supply. Controlled substances like Adderall can be prescribed online until late 2024, making it easier for people to obtain prescriptions.
- Dependency and addiction. Regular misuse of Adderall can lead to dependency and addiction. Dependence occurs when the body becomes reliant on the drug to function normally, while addiction involves compulsive drug-seeking behavior.
- Academic and occupational problems. While individuals may initially turn to Adderall as a study or performance enhancer, the abuse of this drug can have detrimental effects on academic and occupational success.
Seeking Help and Support
If you suspect that someone is struggling with Adderall abuse or if you find yourself misusing the medication, it’s essential to seek help and support. There are many people you can talk to – a healthcare professional, counselor or addiction specialist, to name a few. Treatment options may include therapy, counseling, support groups or medication management.
It’s important to take Adderall abuse seriously. Adderall is chemically similar to methamphetamine, though far less potent. However, if you’re abusing Adderall, this means more of the drug is reaching your brain, which can cause harmful side effects and a greater potential for addiction.
Case Management Services for Adderall Abuse
Spearhead Health is a great starting point for individuals who are struggling with Adderall abuse. As a private consulting and concierge case management company, we work closely with our clients and their families to create individualized treatment plans.
Not only do we address substance use, but also mental health disorders, maladaptive patterns and behavioral challenges. This allows us to treat Adderall abuse while also building good coping skills. Schedule a consultation with our team to start on the path to healing and recovery.